Tammy Delacruz. Door Hinges. November 26th , 2017.
Unlike the old days when door hinges were made of iron, brass or steel, todays hinges come in an array of materials and finishes. Thanks to modern manufacturing techniques, most of these finishes are maintenance free. Left alone, they wont tarnish, rust or fail over time. What do begin to fail are the screws that hold the door hinges on the door and the frame. The stresses and strains of everyday openings begin to loosen the screws. This is particularly true on heavier doors that are either left open a lot or bear lots of traffic.
If dealing with cabinet doors the type of hinge you use will depend on the door type. There are three door types; lipped, flush and overlay. A lipped door has a lip cut around it and works well with most hinges. A flush door rests within the frame and works well with butterfly hinges. A butterfly hinge works like a butt hinge but is hung on the outside and is more ornamental ranging in styles from colonial to art deco. The pivot hinge is made for overlay doors. One is mounted on the top and the other on the bottom with portions of each bent over and mounted to the frame and door resulting in a concealed hinge. Perhaps the most popular hinge is the spring mounted hinge. Fitted with a small spring inside this door hinge allows the door to close on its own, automatically.
The easy way to install the door and door hinges is to install the new door hinges where the old ones were. This only works if you selected the same size door hinges as you previously had on the door with proper hole-spacing. If not, you may have to use some wood putty to fill the old holes, and then put the new hinges wherever you would like. When deciding where the door hinges will go remember, doors are supposed to open into the room, they are also traditionally expected to open to a wall, not to flap in the open area of the room. If you have someone handy, you may want to bring them into play at this time. Line up the door where you think it should be placed, using shims to balance it off the ground enough that it will open and close.
Similar to the butterfly hinge but recessed into the doorjamb and frame is the standard butt hinge. Also constructed of two flaps with screw holes held together by a pin or rod, this cabinet door hinge can be used on any of the three door types. Another popular hinge that fits all three doors is a spring-loaded or self-closing hinge. Ideal for the kitchen where cabinets are open and closed often these hinges have a small spring inside that closes the door automatically after it has been opened. No matter what type of cabinet door hinge and finish you choose you should be happy with the results. A cabinet door hinge may be small and it may be overlooked, but without them we wouldnt have cabinets, we would simply have shelves. And sometimes things are better left hidden behind closed doors.
While wood doors are generally able to be held with two hinges (unless they are very heavy wood or oversized door), if you have a steel door you need to make sure the hinges are strong enough to hold it. This means you may once again want to go with three door hinges, instead of the traditional two, for the extra stability they will afford. If you hear a squeaking door sometimes its not that it needs oil its that its too heavy for the two hinges its being held by and needs a third one.
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